It's hot — Tips to beat the heat

The National Weather Service has issued a heat advisory for some parts of Fairfield County to the south of Shelton on Sunday, but there’s no question it’s a hot on here, too.

It’s expected to be a a few degrees cooler in Shelton than the more southerly towns, reaching 92 degrees — but will feel about 100 — and there is a 30% chance of precipitation and the possibility of scattered thunderstorms by 3 p.m. here, according to the National Weather Service.

Beat the heat

Here are some tips to avoid heat-related illness:

Staying indoors as much as possible, specifically for young children and pets, as well as spending time in air conditioning as much as possible.

Avoid strenuous activities, drink plenty of fluids regardless of activity level, wear lightweight and loose fitting clothing and take a cool shower or bath to reduce body heat.

If outside, rest often in shady areas, eat light and cool foods, wear sunglasses and apply sunscreen, and avoiding leaving food items in cars or outdoors, as they spoil quickly.

Neither pets nor people should be left in a parked vehicle in extreme heat, even if the windows are open.Infants, young children, people over age 65 and anyone with a medical condition, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, obesity, high blood pressure, liver disease or kidney disease should be regularly checked-up on.

Know the signs

Knowing the signs and symptoms of a heat-related illness could save lives:

Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency and requires medical assistance immediately by dialing 911. If possible, the affected person should be moved into a cool or air-conditioned environment. Signs of heat stroke may include headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, high body temperature, difficulty breathing and a rapid pulse. Skin may also be hot and dry or the person may be sweating. Reduce the individual’s body temperature with air-conditioning, fanning, water sponging and remove clothing if necessary, and avoid giving them any fluids.

Heat exhaustion will give rise to heavy sweating, weakness and cool, pale, clammy skin. The person may experience muscle cramps, dizziness, fainting, nausea and vomiting. Although body temperature may be normal there will be a weak pulse. The person should be moved out of the sun into a cool environment and a cool, wet cloth applied to their body while they are lying down. The affected individual may be given sips of water until they are feeling better, however if vomiting continues, medical attention must be sought.

Heat cramps cause painful cramps and muscle spasms in the legs or abdomen. Heavy sweating may also be present. The affected person should be moved out of the heat into a cool environment and given a gentle massage on the muscles where cramping occurs. The individual may be given sips of water unless nausea occurs or there are fluid restrictions.